Clinical psychologist, psychotherapist, trainer and coach
he graduated from the Study of Individual and Group Psychotherapy and Coaching at the Laboratory of Psychoeducation. She has completed internships at the University Hospital in Lausanne, the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, the Center for Therapy and Personality Development, and the Psychosomatic Ward at the Wolski Hospital in Warsaw. Previously associated with the Promenada Biomedical Center and the Institute of Psychoimmunology, today she co-founded the Warsaw Center for Psychotherapy and Psychiatry.
She assists in the broader development and achievement of lasting change, both in private life, as well as professionally. She was the first person in Poland and one of three in Europe to earn a coaching certificate from Integral Coaching Canada, an institution at the core of the Coaching Chair at the Integral Institute in Boulder and JFK University in San Francisco.
She is the author of many articles and columns on personal development. She believes that coaching, understood as achieving optimal effectiveness in achieving one’s own and the corporation’s goals, is a natural stage in the development of leaders. She has many years of experience in this area initiated at the Ferrosan pharmaceutical company. She also works with ICAN Institute, publisher of the Harvard Business Review Poland, where she teaches relationship management to newly appointed managers.
Specialist, psychiatrist, psychotherapist
In 1996 she graduated from the Medical Academy in Warsaw, and a year later she began working at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, in the Department of Affective Disorders, thanks to which she gained extensive knowledge of depressive disorders. In 1999 she received her first and in 2002 her second degree of specialization in psychiatry, and four years later she received a certificate in psychotherapy awarded by the Psychotherapy Section of the Polish Psychiatric Association. In the same year, she also defended her doctorate entitled: “The Marital Relationship Picture of an Affective Disorder sufferer and her spouse. “
She worked at the Day Care Unit for affective disorders for 2 years serving as the head of the unit. Today she co-founded the Warsaw Center for Psychotherapy and Psychiatry. She is the author of many scientific publications, she also actively participates in specialized conferences – also as a speaker. In her work, she deals with people suffering from depressive, affective and anxiety disorders, as well as eating disorders (including anorexia and bulimia). She provides medical consultations, individual psychotherapy and marital therapy.
Profesor psychiatrii, psychoterapeuta, wykładowca
I am a professor of psychiatry, the first professional twenty years I worked at the Department of Psychiatry of the Medical Academy in Warsaw, and the last twenty-five at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, of which I was head.
I’m also a psychotherapist – the psychotherapeutic orientation with which I identify is, on the one hand, psychodynamically oriented individual psychotherapy and, on the other hand, systemic therapy, primarily family therapy. There would seem to be a contradiction between these orientations. However, this is an apparent contradiction. For each of them describes a different level of human existence, and each of them has given me slightly different knowledge of the human being. If I were asked about the main qualities of my work, I would list in the first place respect for the distinctiveness of the other person, curiosity about what he is like, what story he brings about himself and the world, patience, and humility. Humility expressed in the belief that it is never possible to know and understand fully another person who is healthy or experiencing emotional problems. I believe that in the work of a psychiatrist the most important thing is contact with the other person – it helps as much or maybe even more than drugs, the importance of which in therapy I do not deny.
Part of my professional life is didactics – transferring knowledge to students, doctors and people learning psychotherapy. I am a certified psychotherapist and supervisor of the Polish Psychiatric Association, and for the past 10 years I have served as a national consultant in child and adolescent psychiatry to the Minister of Health. I am the author of more than 100 scientific papers published in Polish and foreign journals, as well as the author of the textbook Family Therapy, which has had II editions and serves many psychotherapists, psychologists and psychiatrists who want to deepen their knowledge of family therapy. Under my editorship, the first modern textbook on child and adolescent psychiatry in Poland was written, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, published by PZWL.
I am happy that it is given to me to be a psychiatrist and therapist. I treat this work as a privilege and a gift, and if at the same time I can help people, that’s great.
Graduate of the Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities (majors: Social Clinical Psychology and Social Psychology) and postgraduate studies: Applied Behavior Analysis at the School of Social Sciences and Humanities, whose profile is adapted to the requirements of the Certification Board in the USA. She completed an internship at the Synapsiss Foundation. She was associated with the Early Intervention Center for Children with Autism, where she served as Senior Therapist and Coordinator of Staff and Trainee Training, and was a board member in the Polish Society for Behavioral Analysis. She has experience in teaching – she taught classes on autism and behavioral therapy at the Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities.
Currently, she is engaged in clinical work with children with atypical development, developmental disorders and parenting difficulties. She provides comprehensive therapy for the young child using Applied Behavior Analysis methods. She spreads knowledge about autism and behavior analysis. She is interested in neuropsychology (methods of studying the functioning brain, the impact of brain damage on human functioning). She carried out research work (training in temporal processing of information with patients with aphasia) at the Laboratory of Neuropsychology of the Institute of Experimental Biology of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
She believes that knowledge, commitment and passion are key in therapeutic work, as well as creating a friendly, safe therapeutic space for the little person, building a warm relationship with him based on trust and respect.
He completed a Master’s Degree in Systemic Psychotherapy at Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust, and previously studied for two years at the Institute of Family Therapy in London. He has attended specialized courses run by The Anna Freud Center related to family functioning and personal development. He attended week-long psychoanalytic conferences in group relations run by Tavistock. He completed his internship at the state mental health clinics of the English National Health Service (NHS). Prior to that, he earned two master’s degrees in Spanish and Russian philology from the University of Cambridge and the University of London.
He has been working therapeutically since 2010 – for 7 years he worked in social services in London, supporting people from different social, cultural and ethnic groups, in a variety of life situations. He works with schools and provides consultation to social and therapeutic work staff and teams. He teaches systemic practice in a variety of contexts – in the coming year he will be teaching psychology students at the University of Warsaw – Warsaw International School of Psychology.
He works with families, couples, children and adolescents, and also conducts individual therapy, in the systemic stream. She helps people with, among other things, depressive and anxiety states, apathy, aggression problems, trauma experience, low self-esteem, relationship conflicts or parenting problems. She has experience working with people of different backgrounds and faiths. She is a native English speaker and also works in Polish and Spanish.
I am very interested in the experience, background and indiwydual context of the people I work with, because I believe that these are dimensions of life that have a big impact on what meanings we assign to events, our relationships, feelings and problems. I believe that we cope with life as best we can, and if we understand our own behavior and feelings more, we may find it easier in many things. The systems approach assumes that behind every problem is an unrealized dream….
Psychologist, certified psychotherapist
Graduated in psychology from the University of Lodz and completed a 4-year Postgraduate School of Psychotherapy at the Krakow Psychodynamic Center. She is certified as a psychotherapist by the Polish Society for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and holds a European Psychotherapist Certificate.
Since 2013, she has been training in psychoanalytic couple therapy. In addition, she has gained knowledge at specialized courses, postgraduate studies and conferences, including psychoanalytic family therapy and general pedagogy. She works under constant individual and group supervision.
She has been providing psychotherapy to adolescents and adults since 2004. She specializes in treating eating disorders and personality disorders, and also helps patients struggling with mood disorders, anxiety and psychosomatic problems. She also works with people who want to develop their potential in life and improve the quality of their relationships with others.
Her thesis was entitled „Self-image and other cognitive correlates of depressive disorders in girls and women with anorexia and bulimia.”
Previously, she conducted therapy, among others, in Krakow centers: Child Adolescent and Family Psychotherapy Clinic, Adult Mental Health Clinic, Youth Education Center. She also worked with the Family Support Center in Bristol. Today she co-founded the Warsaw Center for Psychotherapy and Psychiatry. She provides individual psychotherapy for adolescents, adults and couples therapy – also in English.
(enrollment temporarily on hold)
Graduate of the Faculty of Psychology at the University of Warsaw.
Completed training at the Institute of Group Analysis „Rasztów”, a center accredited by the Polish Psychiatric Association and the Polish Psychological Association.
For twenty years, he has worked at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, where he conducts group, individual and family psychotherapy.
He is the author of many publications dealing with issues of adolescent functioning and adolescence.
Meetings possible only on Zoom.
Psychotherapist with a systemic orientation in eclectic approach, EMDR and Gestalt therapy, expert in working with individual clients, couples, marriages and families.
He trained mainly in the United States. He completed a master’s degree and a two-year Gestalt therapy course in the Department of Family and Marriage Therapy at Southern Connecticut State University. He is a trained EMDR therapist in the certification process. He earned a Master of Arts and Pedagogy degree from the Academy of Music in Bydgoszcz, Poland.
He gained psychotherapeutic experience through internships at: Southern Connecticut State University’s Family Clinic, the Department of Mental, Behavioral Health at The Hospital of Central Connecticut, and the Youth and Social Services clinic of the Town of Cheshire, Connecticut. He also worked as a music therapist at the Prevention and Education Club in Poznan (now the Center for the Support of Child and Youth Development). For 15 years he was involved in research and co-managed research teams at Yale University’s School of Medicine, Child Study Center.
He conducts individual therapy with adults, couples and marriages, families, workshops for parents and group classes. She specializes in issues of treating trauma, anxiety, depression, family conflict, marital conflict, working on individual development, and coping with grief after loss. She has experience in multicultural and multiethnic environments. She provides therapy in both Polish and English. He is co-founder of the Warsaw Center for Psychotherapy and Psychiatry, and has also taught as part of an English-language course at the University of Warsaw’s Department of Psychology (Warsaw International Studies in Psychology).
Since 2020, he has been living in the state of Connecticut, USA, where he is a certified psychotherapist.
Specialist in child and adolescent psychiatry
A graduate of the Medical University of Bialystok, she received the title of specialist in child and adolescent psychiatry in 2012. She completed a 4-year postgraduate training in cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy at the CBT Center in Warsaw. In 2015, she received her doctorate degree from the Medical University of Warsaw.
Since 2018. she has been working as the Head of the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit at the „Uzdrowisko Konstancin-Zdrój” Hospital, and from 2012-2018 she worked as the Head of the Day Care Unit for Complex Developmental Disorders at the Mazovian Hospital in Garwolin.
She is a member of the section of child and adolescent psychiatry of the Polish Psychiatric Association and the Polish Association for Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy.
She deals with the diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents with a special focus on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorders as well as eating disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, tic disorders, psychotic disorders.
In 2005, I graduated with a degree in psychology from the School of Social Sciences and Humanities.
A year later, I began a five-year postgraduate training in psychotherapy certified by the Scientific Section of Psychotherapy of the Polish Psychiatric Association.
As part of the training, I obtained the theoretical foundations of four orientations: psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive-behavioral and systemic. In my work I use various methods of therapy wanting to understand as much as possible the person who has decided to meet with me.
I provide individual therapy and couples therapy. I have been in individual supervision since 2013.
I also consult with parents on how to help a child with various disorders, with a particular focus on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorders.
Mom of three sons. Graduate of the Faculty of Psychology at SWPS with a specialization in Negotiation and Mediation. She graduated from the 4-year Intra School of Psychotherapy, in the integrative current. In her work with patients, she moves through the areas of humanistic-existential currents (Gestalt, Emotion-Focused Psychotherapy-EFT) as well as psychodynamic and analytical. His approach to therapy is guided by the view that each person is an individual story, which can fit into given diagnostic categories, but in the course of experiencing life, from its first moments – unique and unrepeatable. The area of her special interest and deepening of further development professional development is psychosomatics and how it subtly combines elements of the world of a person’s inner experiences with physical health. She subjects her work to individual and group supervision. She completed her clinical internship in 2008 and 2009 at the Outpatient Clinic of the Psychiatric Hospital on ul.Nowowiejska in Warsaw and at the Neurosis and Depression Treatment Center in Komorow, in individual and group therapy. Areas of therapeutic work: short and long-term individual therapy:
She also provides therapy in English.
Specialist psychiatrist, certified community therapist.
Psychiatric specialist, certified environmental therapist, long-time employee of the 1st Psychiatric Clinic of the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology (IPiN) in Warsaw, since 2011 she has been working at the Center for Environmental Therapy (IPiN). She is a member of the Polish Psychiatric Association. During her studies and specialization, she completed internships in the UK, and graduated from a four-year school of behavioral-cognitive psychotherapy (CBT). She is a graduate and trainer of the Open Dialogue Approach training conducted by the Polish Open Dialogue Institute and Dialogische Praxis, Berlin. Consultation in English.
„Work is my passion, it gives me a lot of satisfaction and teaches me humility, I value conversations with people, every day I learn something new… I am interested in good literature, film, I admire beautiful photos, I like to travel. The priority in life for me is my family, and the smile on the faces of my children is priceless,” Dr. Krawczyk says about herself
Graduate of the University of Warsaw, 4-year postgraduate study of Family Therapy of the Opta Association in Warsaw and 1.5-year training in Psychotraumatology- Pomeranian Foundation of Psychotraumatology in cooperation with the Foundation of Psychotraumatology from Munich.
She gained professional experience at the Michael Prevention and Education Center in Warsaw, where she worked with families in situations of conflict and upbringing problems, the family counseling center of the Powiśle Social Foundation, the psychological-pedagogical counseling center and the Adeste psychotherapeutic counseling center. She has participated in numerous trainings in individual psychotherapy, as well as couples and family psychotherapy in a systemic approach. Professionally, she works with adolescents and adults, as well as couples and families.
I derive extraordinary satisfaction from being able to accompany my clients in their search for new ways of development and ways of coping with various life situations. I believe that psychotherapy is one of the best options for getting to know and building oneself.
Psychotherapist, master’s degree in sociology
Studied at the University of Warsaw at the Faculty of Applied Social Sciences and Social Reintegration (MA in Sociology) and at the Faculty of Law and Administration. He completed a comprehensive training in psychotherapy at the Department of Family Therapy at the Jagiellonian University Medical College.He has been working as a psychotherapist since 2005. Previously, he worked with the Specialized Family Counseling Center of the Bemowo Municipality and the Mabor Psychological and Medical Center. He combines psychotherapeutic work with business and involvement in the third sector.
Master’s degree graduate of the University of SWPS, currently having completed a 4-year training in CBT Psychotherapy. She has gained professional experience in educational institutions, psychological and pedagogical counseling centers, internships at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in the Department of Neurosis, Personality and Nutritional Disorders and the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, as well as at a 24-hour therapy center.
She has participated in numerous training courses. She is a member of the Polish Society for Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy (PTTPB). I systematically subject my work to supervision. My field of interest and work is mainly psychosomatic disorders, depressive disorders, eating disorders, anxiety disorders, difficulties in the area of emotion regulation.
I work with families and children, adolescents and adults.
I am a psychologist, a graduate of the Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities. I completed the 1st and 2nd level of Solution Focused Therapy training at the Solution Focused Therapy Center in Warsaw. I gain experience working at the District Family Assistance Center in Otwock and at the Samodzielny Publiczny Szpital Kliniczny im. Prof. Adam Grucy CMKP as a Psychologist in the Rehabilitation Department.
In 2016, I did my internship at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw at the Diagnostic and Therapeutic Unit for Depressive, Anxiety and Sleep Disorders. I work in a Solution Focused Therapy approach with clients (adults, adolescents and children ) facing emotional problems who need help making changes in their lives. In my work, I use the skills and resources I have gained from trainings – working with the Kids’ Skills method – „We can do it!” and „I’m proud of you!” and with violent people as a specialist ” Study of work with people using violence – SPOSP”.
I deal with support for people experiencing various types of life difficulties – depression, anxiety, family problems, domestic violence domestic violence, traumatic events and working with bereavement.
Psychologist, addiction therapy specialist in the process of certification, trainer, empathy and communication coach
Master’s degree in humanities. Conducts consultations and individual sessions, co-leads original therapy and development groups for young people (18-28 years old), as well as personal development groups and assertiveness and communication workshops within the Addiction Treatment Outpatient Clinic at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw.
He completed the School of Trainers of Empathy-Based Communication, CARE Brok School of Psychotherapy Specialists and Addiction Therapy Instructors, Personal Development Program based on NVC communication, J. Young’s schemas, Jung’s projective methods. He received training on the sexuality of children and adolescents at the Non-Public Center. Teacher Training „Beyond Schemes” and Inherited Family Trauma Diagnosis and Resolution in Individual Sessions with Mark Wolynn, The Family Constellation Institute. Worked with children and adolescents during more than a year of volunteering at Ognisko Muranów.
In my work, I try to give my own authenticity, acceptance and empathy, keeping in mind that a therapist in a respectful way supports a person to understand himself and strive for development, health and independent problem solving. In my opinion, a therapist is a person who tries to see a person with his pain, regardless of his age, and helps him see himself. A person learns to give himself support, understanding and trust. Often, despite caring, it is difficult for us to see loved ones and difficult for us to be seen by them. What often prevents us from seeing the other person is our own pain covered by a bandage of defense mechanisms and patterns that we try to understand in the process. Listening attentively, I name the patients’ feelings and the needs behind them, following Marshall Rosenberg’s system of Nonviolent Agreement, from which I constantly draw inspiration. I am also attentive to beliefs and values, which often lie behind unnoticed phrases, words and often stand behind actions and repeated patterns. In working with addictions, I try to remember to be humble considering the role a behavior or substance plays in a person’s life and the needs behind it. I see meaning in working to rebuild control and the ability to meet one’s needs and the experiencing of emotions in touch with one’s whole self.
I am largely interested in ways to rebuild broken relationships, working with transgenerational (generational) trauma, and integrating various experiences into the psyche on a conscious level, including psychedelic experiences. I am interested in issues related to building and maintaining relationships and professional burnout. In my approach, the values are returning to openness to one’s limitations, respect for the other person and trusting the individual path of each of us, which can be described as returning to our own autonomy in a sense of belonging.
Graduate of the Faculty of Psychology at SWPS University, Doctor of Humanities, research and teaching activity focused on psychosomatics and somatopsychology and predictors of effective coping with stress caused by somatic illness.
She gained professional experience in the field of crisis intervention and psychological assistance at the National Emergency Service for Victims of Family Violence „Blue Line” and the consultation point at the Social Welfare Center Warsaw-Ochota. She served her clinical internship at the XX Day Psychiatric Ward, a children’s home and a sociotherapy day care center.
In her work she uses elements of psychodynamic therapy (undergoing psychotherapeutic training recommended by the Polish Psychological Association at the Cracow Psychodynamic Center) and short-term therapy (first degree of training in Solution Focused Therapy).
At the Warsaw Center for Psychotherapy and Psychiatry, she provides short- and long-term individual therapy for adults in life crisis related to critical events (bereavement, relationship difficulties, violence, bullying, professional burnout). She also provides assistance in the area of personal development, formulating life goals, developing personal resources, and setting boundaries.
I am a graduate of the University of Humanities and Social Sciences SWPS in Warsaw. I majored in clinical psychology in English – this is the language I work in every day. I am a bilingual person, having grown up in the Middle East.
During my studies I gained experience working in foundations and kindergartens for children with Asperger’s Syndrome and Autism. I did internships at a psychiatric ward for children and an internship at a Psychotherapy Center . All these places taught me a lot and set me on my future path. After graduation, I work as a school psychologist in international schools and receive services at the Warsaw Center for Psychotherapy and Psychiatry.
Before that, I was associated with the Asan Development Support Center in Warsaw’s Ursynów district. In my daily work I pay special attention to children and young people of Third Culture, multilingual people, people of other nationalities living in Poland. I am also here for parents and families who are returning to the country after many years in exile. I am a second year student at the School of Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy – ReGeneration & Psychoeducation Laboratory
Psychologist, graduate of Psychology at Jagiellonian University (specialization in psychotherapy). Currently in the course of a 4-year comprehensive psychotherapeutic training approved by the Polish Psychiatric Association, organized by the Department of Personality Disorders and Neuroses Treatment at J. Babiński Clinical Hospital in Cracow, training based on the psychoanalytic approach. She has received first-level training in Solution Focused Therapy and Third Age Psychology, a course preparing her to work with senior citizens. She is a member of the Polish Psychiatric Association. She subjects her work to regular supervision.
She gained experience working with children, adolescents and families at the Center for the Support of Families and at an integrative kindergarten. In addition, she has gained clinical and therapeutic experience during numerous internships, also working with adults, including at the Day Care Unit of the 5th Military Clinical Hospital in Cracow, at the Department of Psychotherapy of the University Hospital in Cracow, at the Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy of the Developmental Age at the Center for Pediatrics in Sosnowiec.
In her therapeutic work, she is guided primarily by creating space to speak freely, respect for what is unique, and empathetic listening and understanding. She works in accordance with the principles of the psychologist’s code of ethics and professionalism.
At WOPP, she provides consultation and psychotherapy to adults and adolescents.
She graduated in psychology from the SWPS University of Humanities and Social Sciences, and then trained at the MABOR school of integrative psychotherapy.
Currently in the middle of a four-year course at the Center for Systemic Psychotherapy in Cracow.
She works with adults, couples and families in a systemic and psychodynamic approach. She gained experience at the Clinic for Neuroses, Personality and Nutritional Disorders at the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, the Specialized Outpatient Clinic – Youth Prevention and Psychotherapy Center of the MOP and the Helpline for People in Emotional Crisis of the Institute of Health Psychology, among others. She has also worked at an eating disorder treatment center and a private psychological counseling center.
She is constantly improving her qualifications and works under regular supervision. She has participated in numerous trainings in psychological assistance, crisis intervention and personal development. She is also a graduate of Polish philology at Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, public relations at the Warsaw School of Economics and has business experience.
Medical doctor specializing in psychiatry
She graduated with honors from the Second Medical Faculty of the Warsaw Medical University. She began her specialization in psychiatry at the 1st Psychiatric Clinic of the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, she is also gaining experience in the outpatient clinic functioning at the Institute.
She is constantly expanding her knowledge by participating in numerous conferences and trainings, including the School of Young Psychiatrists of the Polish Psychiatric Society Psychiatric Association, the Second Congress of ADHD, Workshops on contact with a person in mental crisis.
I am a psychotherapist and psychologist, I have completed a 4-year training in psychotherapy in the integrative approach at the INTRA Center for Psychological Help and Education in Warsaw. This training is recommended by the Polish Psychological Association.
The basis of my work is the humanistic current, I also use the tools of psychodynamic psychotherapy and Schema Therapy.
For more than 4 years I worked with the Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw (I worked at the Clinic of Neurosis, Personality Disorders and Eating Disorders and the Mokotow Mental Health Center) where I conducted individual and group psychotherapy.
Currently, I work therapeutically with adults who are experiencing difficulties in the area of depressive and anxiety disorders, need changes in their professional or personal lives, have lowered self-esteem, experience difficulties in daily functioning.
For more than 10 years I have been conducting trainings and workshops on the topics of stress management, professional burnout, assertiveness. I work in Polish and English, under constant supervision.
Child and adolescent psychologist and certified social skills trainer
I graduated with a Master’s degree from the Faculty of Psychology at SWPS University in Warsaw with a specialization in clinical and health psychology, as well as a specialized one-and-a-half-year Training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Children and Adolescents. I am currently participating in a comprehensive 4-year postgraduate training for certification as a cognitive-behavioral psychotherapist at the CBT Center in Warsaw. I am a member of the Polish Association for Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy.
I work in the 24-hour Psychiatric Ward for Children at the hospital in Józefów where I provide diagnosis of patients, individual and group therapy and family consultations. My previous professional experience was gained by working in various institutions with children and adolescents struggling with anxiety, holistic developmental disorders, behavioral disorders and also in an association supporting the development of children and adolescents. I subject my work to regular supervision.
The young person is most important to me and in my work with him or her I focus primarily on building an atmosphere of trust and a sense of security. I also support parents in seeing the child’s perspective, understanding where the child’s troubles or difficult behaviors come from and what needs are behind them, pointing out possible paths to solutions and therapy.